|Confederate artillery defending Charleston, 1863|
- The difference between a regiment and a battalion
- Harper's Regiment, CSA in Mississippi
A battalion is a tactical unit of one branch of a ground army's combat arms, varying in size and composition but generally in the range of 500 to 1,000 troops and usually commanded by a lieutenant colonel. It normally consists of three to five of the basic combat units of its branch (company for infantry, battery for artillery, company or troop for armor). Three or four battalions are usually combined to form a regiment or a brigade (Dupuy et al. 30-31).
A regiment is a military unit, particularly of infantry, cavalry, or artillery, that can be either administrative or operational... Since the late 18th century a regiment, commanded by a colonel, has usually been an operational unit of two or more battalions, and has functioned most often as a component of a division. In the modern US Army, until the mid-1960s, infantry regiments consisted of three battalions, in strengths varying from about 1,500 to 3,000 troops." (Dupuy et al. 208).Finding Harper's Regiment in Mississippi proved a much larger task. Here are a few potential candidates:
- Harper's Battalion
13th Mississippi Battalion Infantry
Major N. B. Harper
- Harper's Reserves
36th Mississippi Infantry, Company C
Lt. Col. S.G. Harper
Formed from men of Newton, Lauderdale, and Smith Counties
Mustered 20 February 1861
- Harper's Battery
Part of "Jefferson Flying Artillery"
Captain William L. Harper
Formed in Jefferson County May 6, 1861
Mustered into state service at Fayette, MS April 1861
Dupuy, Trevor N., et al. Dictionary of Military Terms. New York: H.W. Wilson Company, 2003. Print.
Rowland, Dunbar. Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898. Spartanburg, SC: The Reprint Company, Publishers, 1978. Print.